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Adaptive and Efficient Qubit Allocation Using Reinforcement Learning in Quantum Networks

TitleAdaptive and Efficient Qubit Allocation Using Reinforcement Learning in Quantum Networks
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsGao, Y., S. Yang, F. Li, and X. Fu
JournalIEEE Network
Date Published07/2022
KeywordsQuantum entanglement, quantum networks, qubit allocation, reinforcement learning
Abstract

Quantum entanglement brings high-speed and inherently privacy-preserving transmission for information communication in quantum networks. The qubit scarcity is an important issue that cannot be ignored in quantum networks due to the limited storage capacity of quantum device, the short lifespan of qubits, etc. In this article, we first formulate the qubit competition problem as the Cooperative-Qubit-Allocation-Problem (CQAP) by taking into account both the waiting time and the fidelity of end-to-end entanglement with the given transmission link set. We then model the CQAP as a Markov Decision Process (MDP) and adopt Reinforcement Learning (RL) algorithm to self-adaptively and cooperatively allocate qubits among quantum repeaters. Further, we introduce Active Learning (AL) algorithm to improve the efficiency of RL algorithm by reducing its trialerror times. Simulation results demonstrate that our proposed algorithm outperforms the benchmark algorithms, with 23.5 ms reduction on average waiting time and 19.2 improvement on average path maturity degree, respectively.